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Learning strategy

BestWebIt English course

Topic objectives

  1. Common consideration.
  2. Revise grammar rules
  3. Vocabulary
  4. Reading
  5. Question list
PROVERB
Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.
- Albert Einstein

1. Common consideration.

This lesson's dedicated conversation about learning English; what, why and how do you learn it.

  1. Why do you learn English? How many languages do you speak? What languages would you like to learn in future? Do you need to use your foreign languages at work?
  2. What can you do when you have a good knowledge of English? How will the quality of your life improve? What is value of learning languages? Do you think that knowing a foreign language might encourage you to live abroad in future?
  3. How long do you learn English? Can you say that Learning - it's easy? What can you say about your English level? beginner, intermediate, advanced
  4. What do you do to gain your knowledge? Do you have study plan? What do you recomend to improve learning process? What methods have been successful for you? What's the best way to learn a foreign language?
  5. How often do you classes English? Do you practice every day? What do you do when you miss daily classes?
  6. Can you say that your family and friends help you? :)
  7. How many new word do you learn per day? What is best way for you to learn new word? What methods do you use to remember vocabulary better? Is it necessary to write words down? What different techniques do you have for learning vocabulary?
  8. Do you check yourself by any test or quiz?
  9. Do you read English book, papers, magazines? What is it about?
  10. Do you watch English news, tv-show, discover chanel? What kind of? Can you learn a language by watching television?
  11. How often you are talking English?
  12. Have you a dairy, blog?
  13. Do you you take a break from speaking English? How long does it take?
  14. Which Internet resourses do you use when you are study English? How can the Internet be a helpful tool when learning a foreign language? Do you use free language-learning exercises on the Internet?
  15. Do you know any proverbs, tongue-twister?
  16. 1. Willie’s really weary

    2. I thought I thought of thinking of thanking you

    3. Nine nice night nurses nursing nicely

    4. We surely shall see the sun shine soon

    5. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
           A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked
           If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
           Where’s the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?

  17. Do you know idioms? To speak a language well, why is it important to have an understanding of idioms? Idioms make your English more colourful.
  18. Why do some people have more difficulty than others when learning a language?
  19. To what extent do you agree that it's better to learn language as a child? Why or why not?
  20. To speak its language well, how important is it to know something about the culture of a country?
  21. Are there some words that are similar in different languages?
  22. As a beginner, what are the first things that you need to be able to say? What are the problem areas that an intermediate learner may have? What are the problem areas that an advanced learner may have?
  23. When you travel to a foreign country, is it always easy to use your foreign language?
  24. Some people say that if you can teach something about your foreign language, then it you to understand it better. Do you agree?
  25. What do you know about IELTS and TOEFL?
  26. Have you ever paid for 1:1 lessons?
  27. Would you like to be a translator? Why? / Why not?
  28. Is the classroom the best place to learn?
  29. Can a good teacher influence how well you enjoy learning a language?
  30. What careers are possible if you speak a foreign language?
  31. Is it a good idea to learn a language from a non-native speaker of that language? Why or why not?
  32. Do you know how large your vocabulary is in your foreign language?
  33. Could you teach your mother tongue to someone else?
  34. What personal qualities do you need to be an effective language learner?
  35. What tools can help you learn a foreign language?
  36. Do you ever read websites in a foreign language?
  37. Is knowing grammar more important than knowing vocabulary?

2. Grammar

Present Perfect

USE 1 Unspecified Time Before Now

present perfect

We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important.

You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day, etc.

We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc.

I have seen that movie twenty times.
I think I have met him once before.
There have been many earthquakes in California.
People have traveled to the Moon.
People have not traveled to Mars.
Have you read the book yet?
Nobody has ever climbed that mountain.

How Do You Actually Use the Present Perfect?

The concept of "unspecified time" can be very confusing to English learners. It is best to associate Present Perfect with the following topics:

TOPIC 1 Experience

You can use the Present Perfect to describe your experience. It is like saying, "I have the experience of..." You can also use this tense to say that you have never had a certain experience. The Present Perfect is NOT used to describe a specific event.

I have been to France.
This sentence means that you have had the experience of being in France. Maybe you have been there once, or several times.

I have been to France three times.
You can add the number of times at the end of the sentence.

I have never been to France.
This sentence means that you have not had the experience of going to France.

I think I have seen that movie before.
He has never traveled by train.
Joan has studied two foreign languages.

TOPIC 2 Change Over Time

We often use the Present Perfect to talk about change that has happened over a period of time.

You have grown since the last time I saw you.
The government has become more interested in arts education.
Japanese has become one of the most popular courses at the university since the Asian studies program was established.
My English has really improved since I moved to Australia.

TOPIC 3 Accomplishments

We often use the Present Perfect to list the accomplishments of individuals and humanity. You cannot mention a specific time.

Man has walked on the Moon.
Our son has learned how to read.
Scientists have split the atom.

TOPIC 4 An Uncompleted Action You Are Expecting

We often use the Present Perfect to say that an action which we expected has not happened. Using the Present Perfect suggests that we are still waiting for the action to happen.

James has not finished his homework yet.
Susan hasn't mastered Japanese, but she can communicate.
Bill has still not arrived.
The rain hasn't stopped.

TOPIC 5 Multiple Actions at Different Times

We also use the Present Perfect to talk about several different actions which have occurred in the past at different times. Present Perfect suggests the process is not complete and more actions are possible.

The army has attacked that city five times.
I have had four quizzes and five tests so far this semester.
We have had many major problems while working on this project.

Time Expressions with Present Perfect

When we use the Present Perfect it means that something has happened at some point in our lives before now. Remember, the exact time the action happened is not important.

present perfect

Sometimes, we want to limit the time we are looking in for an experience. We can do this with expressions such as: in the last week, in the last year, this week, this month, so far, up to now, etc.

Have you been to Mexico in the last year?
I have seen that movie six times in the last month.
They have had three tests in the last week.
She graduated from university less than three years ago. She has worked for three different companies so far.
My car has broken down three times this week.

NOTICE

"Last year" and "in the last year" are very different in meaning. " Last year" means the year before now, and it is considered a specific time which requires Simple Past. "In the last year" means from 365 days ago until now. It is not considered a specific time, so it requires Present Perfect.

I went to Mexico last year.
I went to Mexico in the calendar year before this one.
I have been to Mexico in the last year.
I have been to Mexico at least once at some point between 365 days ago and now.

USE 2 Duration From the Past Until Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)

present perfect

With Non-Continuous Verbs and non-continuous uses of Mixed Verbs, we use the Present Perfect to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now. "For five minutes," "for two weeks," and "since Tuesday" are all durations which can be used with the Present Perfect.

I have had a cold for two weeks.
She has been in England for six months.
Mary has loved chocolate since she was a little girl.

Although the above use of Present Perfect is normally limited to Non-Continuous Verbs and non-continuous uses of Mixed Verbs, the words "live," "work," "teach," and "study" are sometimes used in this way even though they are NOT Non-Continuous Verbs.

ADVERB PLACEMENT

The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.

You have only seen that movie one time.
Have you only seen that movie one time?

ACTIVE / PASSIVE

Many tourists have visited that castle. Active
That castle has been visited by many tourists. Passive

3. Vocabulary

What does next word mean? Explain it and make up sentences.

  1. contribute
  2. Verb

    give (something, especially money) in order to help achieve or provide something.

    Example: " he contributed more than $500,000 to the center"

    Synonym: give, donate, put up, subscribe, hand out, grant, bestow, present, provide, supply,

  3. distract
  4. Verb

    prevent (someone) from giving full attention to something.

    Example: " don't allow noise to distract you from your work"

    Synonym: divert, sidetrack, draw away, disturb, put off

  5. procrastination
  6. Noun

    the action of delaying or postponing something.

    Example: " your first tip is to avoid procrastination"

    Synonym: adjournment, delay, deferment, put-off,

  7. obstacle
  8. Noun

    a thing that blocks one's way or prevents or hinders progress.

    Example: " the major obstacle to achieving that goal is money "

    Synonym: barrier, hurdle, obstruction, bar, block, impediment, hindrance, hitch, difficulty, problem, disadvantage,

  9. peculiarity
  10. Noun

    an odd or unusual feature or habit.

    Example: " for all his peculiarities, she finds his personality quite endearing"

    Synonym: oddity, anomaly, abnormality; idiosyncrasy, mannerism, quirk, foible

  11. capture
  12. Noun

    the action of capturing or of being captured.

    Example: " the capture of the city marks the high point of his career "

    Synonym: arrest, apprehension, seizure, being taken prisoner, being taken captive, imprisonment

    Verb

    take into one's possession or control by force.

    Example: " she did a series of sketches, trying to capture all his moods "

    Synonym: catch, apprehend, seize, arrest, take prisoner, take captive, imprison, detain, occupy, take, take over,

  13. convince
  14. Verb

    cause (someone) to believe firmly in the truth of something.

    Example: " Robert's expression had obviously convinced her of his innocence "

    Synonym: make certain, persuade, satisfy, prove to, assure, put/set someone's mind at rest,

Watch another words: English Vocabulary...


Phrasal verb

Phrasal verbs are usually two-word phrases consisting of verb + adverb or verb + preposition. Think of them as you would any other English vocabulary. Study them as you come across them, rather than trying to memorize many at once. Use the list below as a reference guide when you find an expression that you don't recognize. The example sentences will help you understand the meanings. If you think of each phrasal verb as a separate verb with a specific meaning, you will be able to remember it more easily. Like many other verbs, phrasal verbs often have more than one meaning.

phrasal verb meaning example sentence
ask sby out invite on a date Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask around ask many people the same question I asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to sthg equal Your purchases add up to $205.32.
back sthg up reverse You'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back sby up support My wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow up explode The racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
get up get out of bed I got up early today to study for my exam.
get up stand You should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give sby away reveal hidden information about sby His wife gave him away to the police.
give sby away take the bride to the altar My father gave me away at my wedding.
give sthg away ruin a secret My little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.
give sthg away give sthg to sby for free The library was giving away old books on Friday.
give sthg back return a borrowed item I have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.
give in reluctantly stop fighting or arguing My boyfriend didn't want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.
hold onto sby/ sthg hold firmly using your hands or arms Hold onto your hat because it's very windy outside.
hold sby/ sthgup rob A man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.
keep on doing sthg continue doing Keep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep sthg from sby not tell We kept our relationship from our parents for two years.
keep sby/ sthg out stop from entering Try to keep the wet dog out of the living room.
keep sthg up continue at the same rate If you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
let sby down fail to support or help, disappoint I need you to be on time. Don't let me down this time.
let sby in allow to enter Can you let the cat in before you go to school?
log in (or on) sign in (to a website, database etc) I can't log in to Facebook because I've forgotten my password.

4. Reading

Things (in no particular order) you can do to improve your English

  1. Don’t be afraid to make mistakes. Be confident. People can only correct your mistakes when they hear you make them.
  2. Surround yourself in English. Put yourself in an all English speaking environment where you can learn passively. The best way to learn is through speaking.
  3. Practise every day. Make yourself a study plan. Decide how much time a week you are going to spend studying and stick to it. Establish a routine.
  4. Tell your family and friends about your study plan. Get them to push you to study and also don’t let them interrupt you.
  5. Practise the 4 core skills: reading, writing, speaking and listening. They all need to be worked on for you to improve.
  6. Keep a notebook of new words you learn. Use them in sentences and try to say them at least 3 times when you speak.
  7. Use your body clock. If you’re not a morning person, study in the afternoon.
  8. You will find words easier to remember if you try to remember an example sentence using that word rather the word on its own.
  9. Plan to take a test. You’ll find that you work harder when you need to study for something.
  10. Saying that, it’s better not to study just to take a test. Think of the bigger picture. What can you do when you have a good command of English? How will the quality of your life improve?
  11. Give yourself a long term goal. Focus on working towards it.
  12. Give yourself short term goals too and reward yourself when you achieve each one.
  13. Create an atmosphere in which you want to learn, not because you have to. You’ll learn more when you’re learning because you want to.
  14. Know what works best for you. Think about what methods have been successful for you in the past and stick with them.
  15. Figure out how you learn. It can be by memorising, reading, speaking, summarising or other methods. Find out how you study best. It can be in a quiet place by yourself or with a group.
  16. Get help! If you don’t understand something you’ve got to ask someone. Ask your teacher, classmates or friends for help.
  17. Review! Review! Review! Make sure that you take the time to review things you have studied in the past.
  18. It’s not a good idea to study on your own for more than 30 minutes at a time. Take regular breaks, get some fresh air and stretch your legs.
  19. Don’t be in such a hurry to move up a level. Concentrate on the level you are at now.
  20. Watch DVDs rather than TV. It’s better to use something that you can watch over again to catch information you might have missed the first time.
  21. Watching TV only gives you the chance to hear something correctly first time. This is better for high level students. It can be great practice for speaking to native English speakers so you don’t have to ask them to repeat themselves!
  22. Read graded readers. These books are especially written for your level. Read a whole novel. You can do it! You’ll feel great afterwards.
  23. Children’s books have easier words and are a good alternative to graded readers.
  24. Newspapers are a good place to find passive constructs. Read through an article and see if you can find the passive sentences.
  25. Read for the general meaning first. Don’t worry about understanding every word, then go back and look up new words.
  26. For a word you don’t understand in a sentence, look at the other words around it. They will give you a hint. Try to guess the meaning from the context.
  27. Learn root words. They’ll help you guess the meaning of words. For example: scribe = write, min = small
  28. When you learn a new word, think of all its other forms: Beautiful (adjective), beauty (noun), beautifully (adverb).
  29. Learn prefixes (dis-, un-, re-) and suffixes (-ly, -ment, -ful), these will help you to figure out the meaning of words and build your vocabulary.
  30. English, unlike Japanese or French, uses word stress. For new words, count the syllables and find where the stress is. Only one stress per word and always on a vowel. Two syllable verbs have a stress on the second syllable (beGIN). 2 syllable nouns (TEAcher) and adjectives (HAPpy) stress the first.
  31. Use English whenever you can. It’s as simple as that!
  32. Don’t translate into English from your own language. Think in English to improve your fluency. Talk to yourself… but not on the bus otherwise people will think you have gone crazy!
  33. You can’t learn English from a book. Like driving a car, you can only learn through doing it.
  34. The most natural way to learn grammar is through talking.
  35. Keep an English diary or journal. Start by writing a few sentences a day and then get into the habit of writing more.
  36. Why not start an online blog and share your writings with the world?
  37. To become a better writer brainstorm as many ideas and thoughts onto paper without worrying about grammar or spelling. Then think about the structure. After that, write your piece using good grammar and spelling. Finally, read it through or give it to someone else to check for mistakes.
  38. Keep an eye on your punctuation as it can totally change what you’re trying to say. Check out the difference in meaning between these two sentences: “A woman without her man is nothing” and “A woman: without her, man is nothing”.
  39. Sing your heart out! Show the world your beautiful voice! Learn English songs and sing along with them to improve fluency and intonation… anyone for Karaoke?
  40. Get a penfriend or use chat-rooms, forums and community sites. If you can’t speak to someone in English, this is the next best thing.
  41. Shadow English CDs. Listen to a few sentences then repeat what you heard. Focus on the rhythm and intonation.
  42. Have English radio on in your house. Even if you are not actively listening to it, you will still be training your ears.
  43. Mirror CDs. Read out loud along with a CD. Again, this is great for intonation, pronunciation and rhythm.
  44. Dictation. Listen to a CD or friend and write down what you hear.
  45. Nobody likes to hear their own voice, but be brave and try it! Record your voice and listen to your pronunciation and intonation. It will help you to identify your problem areas.
  46. Ask your helpful teacher if you can record his lesson. This is a great way to review. You can also listen to your teachers speaking speed and intonation.
  47. Use an English/English dictionary as it will help you to keep thinking in English and not translating.
  48. If an English/English dictionary seems scary, there are learner’s dictionaries for English students of your level.
  49. Don’t become too reliant on your dictionary. Your dictionary should be an aid, not your main teacher. Try to guess the meaning of words rather than going straight for your dictionary.
  50. Don’t give up! Stay positive! Sometimes you will feel that you aren’t learning quickly enough. Everyone feels like this, don’t worry about it. You’ll get there in the end.
  51. Enjoy it! We learn more when we are having fun!
  52. If you get nervous when speaking, take two deep breaths before you say something. You’ll speak better when you feel relaxed.
  53. Keep yourself motivated by looking back at the textbooks and CDs you used in the past. You’ll be surprised at how easy they seem to you now! Congratulations, your level is improving!
  54. You are never too young or too old to start learning English. Don’t make excuses not to learn. What are you waiting for?
  55. Procrastination can stop you from being successful. To stop procrastinating, it's important you understand if your procrastinating is to avoid studying, or if it is your bad habit.
  56. If you haven’t gotten the results you wanted yet, it’s not because you’re bad at languages, it’s because you haven’t found your own special way of learning yet.
  57. Use resources which match your level. Don’t use texts/listening exercises which are too difficult or too easy. Use materials which challenge you but don’t frustrate you.
  58. Don’t worry about making your accent perfect. It’s an important part of your cultural identity to keep your accent. Native English speakers enjoy hearing English spoken with an accent.
  59. There are many types of English: British, American, South African and so on. None of these are wrong or not as important. English is English.
  60. Instead, be aware of the differences in American and British English and use your words accordingly. For example: Elevator (US) / Lift (British).
  61. Carry cue cards with you. These are small cards which you can write new words on. You can pull them out and look at them whenever you a free minute.
  62. Use post-it notes and stick them around your home. You can use them to label things. Stick one on your pet dog!
  63. You can’t ignore phrasal verbs (two words verbs), there are hundreds of them in English and they’re widely used. The more you focus on their meaning, the more you’ll be able to guess the meaning of new ones. You’ll start to recognise their patterns.
  64. Use your intuition. You’ll be surprised how often your first guess is the right guess. Like we said before, be confident.
  65. Gather your thoughts. Take a second to think about what you’re going to say. You know the grammar, but maybe you don’t use it correctly when you speak.
  66. Meet new people. Make the effort to mix with English speakers in your town. You could join a club or go to bars where foreigners hang out. Buy one a drink, they love that!
  67. Be the person to start conversations in English. Try to keep the conversations moving and use listening words (‘really?’ / ‘go on…’/ ‘what happened then?’) Don’t wait for others to speak to you. Get in there!
  68. Debate. Discuss topics in a group. Each person should choose a viewpoint (even if you don’t agree with it) and debate it within the group. Make sure you get your point across. Learn to listen actively. Active listening will help in the classroom and it will help you get more out of, and contribute more to, group study sessions. Focus on the person who is talking. Don’t fidget or become distracted by other people or events. Concentrate on the speaker with your ears and eyes. Follow the movements the speaker makes in an effort to hear more. It may help to repeat what you hear others say in an effort to understand their thoughts.
  69. It’s not enough to only learn English words. You can teach a parrot English words but that doesn’t mean it can speak English! You still need to have an understanding of grammar.
  70. Verb tenses are used by English speakers to talk about the timing of actions. You might not have the same expressions in your own language. It’s important that you know these tenses and when to use them.
  71. English has many irregular verbs. You should drill yourself on them.
  72. Keep it up! If you take a break from speaking English, you will find that your level decreases and all your hard work has been wasted.
  73. Don’t be put off by a bad test score. Sometimes students have the ability to pass an English test, but can’t communicate well with English speakers. If you can speak freely in English, you should be proud of yourself.
  74. Remember that as long as you have tried your hardest, you have succeeded!
  75. Learn English with a friend. You’ll have someone you can practise with and you can motivate each other to study.
  76. Remember, the way we write English is not the same as how it’s pronounced. For example ‘Ough’ has over 6 pronunciations. Familiarise yourself the Phonetic Alphabet. It will help you correctly pronounce words in the dictionary.
  77. Keep in mind that it takes longer to improve when our level is high. Usually the fastest progress is made when we are beginners. Don’t think that you’re suddenly not learning anymore, it’s just a less noticeable progress.
  78. Make sure that your English matches the occasion. It’s OK to use slang with friends but not in a business meeting. Decide in which situation it’s appropriate to use the words and phrases you have learned.
  79. Textbook English is often different from the way we casually speak. To learn casual ‘slang’ watch movies.
  80. Idioms can be difficult to memorise, but they are great fun to use and they’ll make your English more colourful.
  81. Make use of the internet. It’s full of resources to help you learn: BBC Learning English;
  82. Think about your strong and weak points. Write down which areas you want to improve on and work on improving them. Of course, don’t ignore your strong points. Congratulate yourself on how well you’ve done!
  83. Unlearn your mistakes. You probably make the same grammar mistakes over and over again. Use English tests results as a study tool. Go over your mistakes and choose one or two that you want to focus on. Use your favourite grammar book to check rules.
  84. Use the correct article (a/an, the). Be aware that there is more to this rule than a/an= non specific, the=specific. For example: A university (not an university because it begins with a consonant sound). An hour (not a hour because the ‘h’ is often silent).
  85. For fluency, try image training. Before you go to that restaurant think through what the waiter is likely to say to you. Think of what phrases you are going to use.
  86. Take an English course in an English speaking country.
  87. If you studying abroad, mix with people from other countries not only people from your own country. It’s not a good idea for you to live in a shared house with people from your own country. Enjoy a more cultural experience by spending time with other nationalities.
  88. Have you thought about getting a job or doing an internship abroad?
  89. Get yourself a qualified teacher. Who wants to learn wrong things?
  90. Nobody can learn all of the English language. No need to worry about trying. A useful shortcut to learning is that in English we have lots of words that have the same pronunciation, but a different spelling and meaning. For example, ‘come here’ has the same pronunciation as, ‘I can hear the birds’. You might find it easier to build vocabulary by knowing the different meanings.
  91. Once you have a basic level of English explore the different ways you can say the same thing. This makes your English more interesting to the listener and it shouldn’t be too difficult for you because you already know the basics. For example, how many ways can we say, ‘Goodbye' in English?
  92. When you are on your English course, be prepared for your class. Do your homework as soon as possible and hand it in on time. Review your notes and your last lesson a few minutes before the class. Doing this will refresh your memory and you'll be warmed up for lesson.

Idiom: a manner of speaking that is natural to native speakers of a language

Every language has its own collection of wise sayings. They offer advice about how to live and also transfer some underlying ideas, principles and values of a given culture / society. These sayings are called "idioms" - or proverbs if they are longer. These combinations of words have (rarely complete sentences) a "figurative meaning" meaning, they basically work with "pictures".

This List of commonly used idioms and sayings (in everyday conversational English), can help to speak English by learning English idiomatic expressions. This is a list, which contains exactly 66 of the most commonly used idioms and their meaning.



Smart Idioms

A hot potato
Speak of an issue (mostly current) which many people are talking about and which is usually disputed
A penny for your thoughts
A way of asking what someone is thinking
Actions speak louder than words
People's intentions can be judged better by what they do than what they say.
Add insult to injury
To further a loss with mockery or indignity; to worsen an unfavorable situation.
An arm and a leg
Very expensive or costly. A large amount of money.
At the drop of a hat
Meaning: without any hesitation; instantly.
Back to the drawing board
When an attempt fails and it's time to start all over.
Ball is in your court
It is up to you to make the next decision or step
Barking up the wrong tree
Looking in the wrong place. Accusing the wrong person
Be glad to see the back of
Be happy when a person leaves.
Beat around the bush
Avoiding the main topic. Not speaking directly about the issue.
Best of both worlds
Meaning: All the advantages.
Best thing since sliced bread
A good invention or innovation. A good idea or plan.
Bite off more than you can chew
To take on a task that is way to big.
Blessing in disguise
Something good that isn't recognized at first.
Burn the midnight oil
To work late into the night, alluding to the time before electric lighting.
Can't judge a book by its cover
Cannot judge something primarily on appearance.
Caught between two stools
When someone finds it difficult to choose between two alternatives.
Costs an arm and a leg
This idiom is used when something is very expensive.
Cross that bridge when you come to it
Deal with a problem if and when it becomes necessary, not before.
Cry over spilt milk
When you complain about a loss from the past.
Curiosity killed the cat
Being Inquisitive can lead you into an unpleasant situation.
Cut corners
When something is done badly to save money.
Cut the mustard [possibly derived from "cut the muster"]
To succeed; to come up to expectations; adequate enough to compete or participate
Don't count your chickens before the eggs have hatched
This idiom is used to express "Don't make plans for something that might not happen".
Don't give up the day job
You are not very good at something. You could definitely not do it professionally.
Don't put all your eggs in one basket
Do not put all your resources in one possibility.
Drastic times call for drastic measures
When you are extremely desperate you need to take drastic actions.
Elvis has left the building
The show has come to an end. It's all over.
Every cloud has a silver lining
Be optimistic, even difficult times will lead to better days.
Far cry from
Very different from.
Feel a bit under the weather
Meaning: Feeling slightly ill.
Give the benefit of the doubt
Believe someone's statement, without proof.
Hear it on the grapevine
This idiom means 'to hear rumors' about something or someone.
Hit the nail on the head
Do or say something exactly right
Hit the sack / sheets / hay
To go to bed.
In the heat of the moment
Overwhelmed by what is happening in the moment.
It takes two to tango
Actions or communications need more than one person
Jump on the bandwagon
Join a popular trend or activity.
Keep something at bay
Keep something away.
Kill two birds with one stone
This idiom means, to accomplish two different things at the same time.
Last straw
The final problem in a series of problems.
Let sleeping dogs lie
Meaning - do not disturb a situation as it is - since it would result in trouble or complications.
Let the cat out of the bag
To share information that was previously concealed
Make a long story short
Come to the point - leave out details
Method to my madness
An assertion that, despite one's approach seeming random, there actually is structure to it.
Miss the boat
This idiom is used to say that someone missed his or her chance
Not a spark of decency
Meaning: No manners
Not playing with a full deck
Someone who lacks intelligence.
Off one's rocker
Crazy, demented, out of one's mind, in a confused or befuddled state of mind, senile.
On the ball
When someone understands the situation well.
Once in a blue moon
Meaning: Happens very rarely.
Picture paints a thousand words
A visual presentation is far more descriptive than words.
Piece of cake
A job, task or other activity that is easy or simple.
Put wool over other people's eyes
This means to deceive someone into thinking well of them.
See eye to eye
This idiom is used to say that two (or more people) agree on something.
Sit on the fence
This is used when someone does not want to choose or make a decision.
Speak of the devil!
This expression is used when the person you have just been talking about arrives.
Steal someone's thunder
To take the credit for something someone else did.
Take with a grain of salt
This means not to take what someone says too seriously.
Taste of your own medicine
Means that something happens to you, or is done to you, that you have done to someone else
To hear something straight from the horse's mouth
To hear something from the authoritative source.
Whole nine yards
Everything. All of it.
Wouldn't be caught dead
Would never like to do something
Your guess is as good as mine
To have no idea, do not know the answer to a question


Сonclusion

It was conversation classes.

If you have any question, proposition or etc. you can leave comments on my Feedback.

Good luck!

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