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Education background

BestWebIt English course

Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory.
Article 26, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948.

Topic objectives

  1. Common consideration.
  2. Revise grammar rules
  3. Vocabulary
  4. Reading
  5. Question list

1. Common consideration.

Education and the same: teaching, study, instruction, tuition, apprenticeship.

  1. What do you already know about Education? Is it compulsory? Which educational institution do you know?
  2. What can you say about your education background? When and where did you finish/graduate education stages? What about it (Business & Management, Computer Science, Design, Language, etc... )?
  3. Why did you choose this speciality?
  4. Do you still remember what did you learn at you educational institution? What did you learn, for example? (Math, Economics & Finance, Computer Science, Music,..)
  5. Did you enjoy/love students lifestyle? Where did you live and what did you do? any clubs, organizations, recreation activity...
  6. Do you have any degree? Diploma, Certificate, Deed
  7. Have you learnt any education courses? Which one? Why do you need it?
  8. Which college courses are needed for you to be the very best in your field?
  9. Which college courses are required for you dream job?
  10. What other courses do you need to take so you can pursue your hobbies and personal interests?
  11. Which of the classes mentioned above are you giving the highest priority? Why?

Educational institution

An educational institution is a place where people of different ages gain an education, including preschools, childcare, elementary schools, and universities. They provide a variety of learning environments and learning spaces.

Types of educational institutions include the following:
Early childhood
Primary (5 - 12)
       Elementary school (grade school), primary school
       Middle school (partly)
       Comprehensive school
Secondary (11 - 19)
       Secondary school
       Comprehensive school
       High school
       Middle school (partly)
       Upper school
       Independent school (UK)
       Academy (English school)
       University-preparatory school
       Boarding school
Further and higher education
      Graduation School
      Institute of technology (Polytechnic)

About Education system

Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, but learners may also educate themselves.

Education commonly is divided formally into such stages as:
- primary school,
- secondary school
- and then college, university, or apprenticeship.

1. A Primary school or Elementary school is a school for students at the ages of 3–12 to receive primary or elementary education.

Japan elementary school

Рис. N. Japan elementary school.

2. A secondary school, often referred to as a high school or a senior high school, is a school which provides secondary education, between the ages of 11 and 19 depending on location, after primary school and before higher education, after primary school and before higher education.

High school is the last segment of compulsory secondary education in Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, India, Scotland, the United States, and other countries.

In Canada secondary schools (also known as High schools) are educational institutions consisting most commonly of students enrolled in grades ten through twelve (ages fifteen to eighteen).

High school in Canada

Рис. N. High school in Canada.

3. College.(Latin: collegium) is an educational institution or a constituent part of one. A college may be a degree-awarding tertiary educational institution, a part of a collegiate university, or an institution offering vocational education.

College picture

Рис. N. Corpus Christi College, one of the constituent colleges of the University of Cambridge.

Institute of technology (also: university of technology, polytechnic university, technikon, and technical college) is a designation employed for a wide range of learning institutions awarding different types of degrees and operating often at variable levels of the educational system. It may be an institution of higher education and advanced engineering and scientific research or professional vocational education, specializing in science, engineering, and technology or different sorts of technical subjects. It may also refer to a secondary education school focused in vocational training.

A university (Latin: universitas) is an institution of higher education and research which grants academic degrees in various subjects. Universities typically provide undergraduate education and postgraduate education. The word "university" is derived from the Latin universitas magistrorum et scholarium, which roughly means "community of teachers and scholars."

The University of Bologna

Рис. N. The University of Bologna, founded in 1088, is the the oldest university in the world.

Degree certificate

Undergraduate education is the post-secondary education previous to the postgraduate education. It includes all the academic programs up to the level of a bachelor's degree. For example, in the United States an entry level university student is known as an undergraduate, while students of higher degrees are known as graduates. In some other educational systems and subjects, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a master's degree; this is the case for some science courses in Britain and some medicine courses in Europe.

An academic degree is the state of recognized completion of studies at a school or university. A diploma is generally issued in recognition of having satisfactorily completed the prescribed course of study. The most common degree awarded today is a Bachelor's degree.

Higher education institutions commonly offer master's, doctoral, academic certificates, and professional degrees.

A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin baccalaureus) or baccalaureate (from Modern Latin baccalaureatus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline).

The University of Bologna

Рис. N. A common design template of a bachelor's degree from the United States.

A master's degree (from Latin magister) is an academic degree awarded by universities upon completion of a course of study demonstrating a mastery or high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice. Within the area studied, graduates are posited to possess advanced knowledge of a specialized body of theoretical and applied topics; high order skills in analysis, critical evaluation, or professional application; and the ability to solve complex problems and think rigorously and independently. The master's degree may qualify the holder to teach at a college or university in certain disciplines.

A diploma (from Greek δίπλωµα díplōma, meaning "folded paper") is a certificate or deed issued by an educational institution, such as a college or university, that testifies that the recipient has successfully completed a particular course of study or confers an academic degree. In countries such as the United Kingdom and Australia, the word diploma refers to a level of academic award. The words diplomat and diplomacy have the same origin, from the official "folded papers" of accreditation delivered by ambassadors or delegates.

In some countries, such as the UK and Australia, such a document can be called a testimonium or testamur, Latin for "we testify" or "certify" (testari), and so called from the word with which the certificate begins. Alternatively, the document is simply referred to as a degree certificate in these jurisdictions. In Ireland, it is generally called a parchment.

Certificate. A document serving as evidence as a person has completed an educational course, issued either by an institution not authorised to grant diplomas, or to a student not qualifying for a diploma.

2. Grammar

11 Rules of Grammar

By Yourdictionary.com.

English grammar seems is not always easy to understand, but let's revise some elements to remind yourself of the rules of English usage.

  1. How do you think, is it really important to know rules? Why?
  2. What do you know about such things like: Noun, Verb, Adjectives, Adverb, else?
  3. Do you know how to place Adverbs, Adjectives, Direct/Indirect Object in a sentence?
  4. Example of pattern English sentence.

    (Adjunct) Subject Verb Indirect Object Direct Object (Adjunct)
    Usually David sings in the bath
    Unfortunately the professor wants to retire this year
    At the start of the trial the judge showed the jury the photographs in a private chamber

You can reach more bravely into the world of sentence construction and accurate communication if you are armed with grammar acquirements.

Key Rules

1. Use Active Voice

Every human language starts an active sentence with the subject, or the "doer." In English, the verb (what's being done) follows the subject. If there is an object (the receiver of the action), it comes after the verb. The formula looks like this:

S+V+O. This rule is the foundation of the English language.

Here are some examples:

2. Link Ideas with a Conjunction

Sometimes you want to link two ideas with a second S+V+O combination. When you do, you need a coordinating conjunction. The new formula looks like this:


Coordinating conjunctions are easy to remember with an acronymic mnemonic device:


3. Use a Comma to Connect Two Ideas As One

FANBOYS are used when connecting two ideas as one in a single sentence, but don't forget the comma.

For example:

4. Use a Serial Comma in a List

The serial, or Oxford, comma is a controversial rule of grammar. Some want to eliminate it altogether while others just don't know how to use it. The serial comma is the last comma in a list, usually appearing before "and." The serial comma comes after "dog" in this sentence:

Such pets like lizards, dogs, and birds.

Commas separate units in a list. In the above case, each unit only has one part, so it's easy. Where people get confused is when the units are bigger, but the rule still applies:

Pets R Us has lizards and frogs, dogs and cats, and parakeets and macaws.

Notice that the serial comma comes before "and" but not the last "and" in the sentence. The "and" that follows the comma is only there because it sounds better. Grammatically, "and" is irrelevant. Only units matter.

5. Use the Semicolon to Join Two Ideas

A list of grammar rules has to include the scariest of punctuation marks. It might look funny, but don't be afraid of the semicolon; it's the easiest thing in the world to use! Say you want to join two ideas but can't figure out or can't be bothered to use a coordinating conjunction. The two ideas can be separate sentences, but you think that they are so closely connected; they really should be one. Use a semicolon.

6. Use the Simple Present Tense for Habitual Actions

The simple present is the tense you use for any habitual action. The things you always do or do every Tuesday are described with the simple present, which just means you pick the first form of any verb.

7. Use the Present Progressive Tense for Current Action

The present progressive tense is for anything that is happening right now. All of the progressive tenses are easy to spot because their verbs always end with "-ing" and get a helping verb. A helping verb is just so we know who and when we're talking about. In the present progressive, the helping verbs are the present tense conjugations of "to be."

8. Add "ed" to verbs for the Past Tense

When we talk about the past, we have to add an "-ed" to regular verbs to make the second form. Irregular verbs are tricky and have their own sets of rules. Drink, for example, turns to "drank." Most of the time, though, "-ed" will do.

9-11. Use Perfect Tenses

Practice makes perfect with the perfect tenses. Here are three rules to finish the 11 rules of grammar. If you remember these, you'll be well on your way to perfection.

9. Use Present Perfect for the Unfinished Past

The present perfect can be confusing for some, but it is one of the most important rules of grammar. When people talk about things that have already happened but consider the time in which they occurred to be unfinished, they use the third form of the verb with a helping verb. The helping verb for the present perfect is the present tense conjugation of "to have."

Unfortunately, the only way to know the third forms of verbs is to remember them.

10. Use Present Perfect Progressive for Unfinished Action and Past

When the action as well as the time is considered unfinished, the verb loads up on third form helping verbs ("to be" and "to have") and changes to the progressive form.

11. Use Past Perfect for the First of Two Past Actions

When two things happen in the past, we have to mark which one happened first. The one that happened first changes to third form and gets the helping verb, "had."

Understanding and consistently following the basic English grammar rules will help you speak and write English correctly and with minimal hesitation.


Mary's hyperactive dog :)

3. Vocabulary

What does next word mean? Explain it and make up sentences.

  1. Compulsory
  2. Adjective

    required by law or a rule; obligatory.

    "compulsory military service"

    Synonym: obligatory, mandatory, required, requisite, necessary, essential, imperative, unavoidable, enforced, demanded, prescribed

  3. constituent
  4. Adjective

    being a part of a whole.

    "the constituent minerals of the rock "

    Synonym: component, integral, elemental, basic, essential, inherent


    a component part of something.

    "the essential constituents of the human diet "

    Synonym: component, ingredient, element, part, piece, bit, unit, section, portion

  5. enrolled
  6. Verb

    officially register as a member of an institution or a student on a course.

    "he enrolled in drama school "

    Synonym: register for, sign up/on for, put one's name down for, apply for, volunteer for, enter, join

  7. deed
  8. Noun

    a legal document that is signed and delivered, especially one regarding the ownership of property or legal rights.

    "Minors can't sign deeds or other legal documents, and they aren't allowed to receive money once the property is sold. "

    Synonym: legal document, contract, indenture, instrument


    convey or transfer (property or rights) by legal deed.

    "they deeded their property to their children "

    Synonym: action, performance, effect, act, operation

  9. reveal
  10. Verb

    make (previously unknown or secret information) known to others.

    "we can now reveal to you who won the prize "

    Synonym: disclose, open, expose, uncover, discover

  11. confident
  12. Adjective

    feeling or showing confidence in oneself; self-assured.

    "she was a confident, outgoing girl "

    Synonym: confident, sure, assured, convinced, certain, secure

  13. cute
  14. Adjective

    attractive in a pretty or endearing way.

    "Attractive subjects are cute animals, pretty women, nice landscapes, interesting portraits. "

    Synonym: endearing, adorable, lovable, sweet, lovely, appealing, engaging, delightful, dear, darling, winning, winsome, attractive, pretty, cutesy, twee, kawaii

  15. predict
  16. Verb

    say or estimate that (a specified thing) will happen in the future or will be a consequence of something.

    "it is too early to predict a result "

    Synonym: forecast, foretell, foresee, prophesy, anticipate, tell in advance, envision, envisage, previse, augur, presage

Watch another words: English Vocabulary...

4. Reading

The Basics of Jung's Typology

According to Carl Gustav Jung's theory of psychological types,...

 Carl Gustav Jung

Jung called Extraversion-Introversion preference general attitude, since it reflects an individual's attitude toward the external world distinguished by the “direction of general interest” [Jung, 1971]: the extravert maintains affinity for, and sources energy from the outer world, whereas the introvert is the other way around – their general interest is directed toward their inner world, which is the source of their energy.

As mentioned above, Jung introduced a pair of judging functions - thinking and feeling - and a pair of perception functions – sensing (or “sensation”), and intuition.

Sensing-Intuition preference represents the method by which one perceives information: Sensing means an individual mainly relies on concrete, actual information - “in so far as objects release sensations, they matter”, whereas Intuition means a person relies upon their conception about things based on their understanding of the world.

Thinking-Feeling preference indicates the way an individual processes information. Thinking preference means an individual makes decisions based on logical reasoning, and is less affected by feelings and emotions. Feeling preference means that an individual's base for decisions is mainly feelings and emotions.

Jung introduced the idea of hierarchy and direction of psychological functions. According to Jung, one of the psychological functions - a function from either judging or perception pair – would be primary (also called dominant). In other words, one pole of the poles of the two dichotomies (Sensing-Feeling and Thinking-Feeling) dominates over the rest of the poles. The Extraversion-Introversion preference sets the direction of the dominant function: the direction points to the source of energy that feeds it – i.e. to the outer world for extraverts and to the inner world for introverts.

Jung suggested that a function from the other pair would be secondary (also called auxiliary) but still be “a determining factor” [Jung, 1971]. I.e. if Intuition is dominant, then the auxiliary one is either Thinking or Feeling. If Sensing is dominant, then the auxiliary one can also be either Thinking or Feeling. However, if Thinking is dominant, then the auxiliary one is either Sensing or Intuition, and if Feeling is dominant then the auxiliary one is either Sensing or Intuition. In other words, the auxiliary function never belongs to the same dichotomy.

Jung called feeling and thinking types “rational” because they are characterized by the dominance of judging functions that provide reasoning rationale (be it thinking or feeling). “Rational” or Judging preference results in thinking, feelings, response and behaviour that consciously operate in line with certain rules, principles or norms. People with dominant "rational" or judging preference perceive the world as an ordered structure that follows a set of rules.

He called sensing and intuitive types “irrational” because they are characterized by dominance of the functions of perception (either sensing or intuition), and therefore their “commissions and omissions are based not upon reasoned judgment but upon the absolute intensity of perception” [Jung, 1971]. “Irrational” or Perceiving preference operates with opportunities, i.e. with a range of possible outcomes that result from assumed premises or from sensations, mostly driven by the unconscious processes. People with dominant "irrational" or Perceiving preference thinking see the world as a structure that can take various forms and outcomes. It is possible to determine, either by observation or by asking certain questions, preference of Judging vs. Perceiving and the strength thereof in a person.

Read more about Personality Type Theory...


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