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Acquaintance

BestWebIt English course

логотип блок-схеми

Topic objectives

  1. Acquaintance
  2. Revise grammar rules
  3. Vocabulary
  4. Reading
  5. Question list

1. Acquaintance

Introduce yourself, please...

  1. Who are you? Name? Where from? Age? Where do you live? How long have you lived there? Where were you born?


  2. What do you do? or What's your job? What's something you do well?
  3. Hobby, passion? What are you fond of? What do you like to do with your free time?
    Travelling (Where have been?). Shopping. Ride a bike (bicycle). Reading. Computer games. Internet surfing. Night clubs. Hung out with friends.
  4. Why do you want to learn English?
    What languages do you speak? Self-aware. Job. Education. When did you start to study English?
  5. What is your goal in life?
  6. Can you discribe your traits? What kind of person you are? Are you a 'morning' or 'night' person?
  7. man


    Always do my best,
    Open-minded,
    Hardworking
    Ussually Honest,
    Friendly,
    A little bit "crazy",
    Responsible,
    Optimistic,
    Humorous,
    Calm,
    Always Polite,
    Simple,
    Logical,
    Outspoken, dedicated, ambitious, determined, independent, highly motivated, understanding, etc.
    Your own choice...
    maybe, some negative traits? or "-I'm always good person" :) ...
    sometimes Aggressive
    sometimes Wicked
    sometimes Dishonest
    sometimes Exacting
    sometimes Pessimistic
    sometimes else....

  8. Which do you prefer, sunrises or sunsets?
  9. What kind of people do you like?What kind of people do you not like?
  10. Who is your next door neighbor in your home country?
  11. What sports are you/have you been involved in? Do you play any sports?
  12. There’s currently little routine to my life. Business needs are such that I travel very frequently and consequently work irregular hours. This leaves little room for me to participate in any sporting activities. However, I do like to keep myself fit and healthy and, if at all possible, I take the opportunity to go for a walk in the morning before I start work. This helps to wake me up, get some oxygen into my brain and I also use the time to think through the day ahead of me and what it is that I need to achieve. I’m aware that there’s a lot less travel involved in this job so this means I may have more opportunity in the future to play tennis again.



  13. What about your family? Brother, Sister, Who is eldest? How old are they? And where they now? Who do you live with? Who do you respect the most?
  14. Do you prefer spend your time alone or with your friend?
  15. Can you say that you have many friends? How often do you visit your friends?
  16. Do you have a job? What do you do? Do you like it? How many years have you been working? What can you say about your colleagues? Any good friends at your job? What jobs have you done?
  17. What about your education background?
  18. How long does it take you to get ready in a morning?
  19. When and where were you born?
  20. Have you got a car / job / house / etc.?
  21. What kind of food do you like?What's your favorite food? Are you good at cooking? Do you like to cook?
  22. Do you have any pets?
  23. What was the last book you read?
  24. Have you ever lived in another country?
  25. How long have you been studying English?
  26. Who has had the most influence in your life?
  27. What do you think you will be doing five years from now? Where do you think you'll be living five years from now?

2. Grammar

A rule in grammar is a generalization. It is a formula that one makes to account for how a given grammatical construction usually behaves. A rule is not necessary true in every instance. It is generally true. Don't be concerned if you see or hear something that does not coincide with a rule.

Grammar class review. Sentence Patterns.

Noun Identification
What is a noun? A noun is a person, place, thing, quality, animal, idea or activity.

Subject
Subject is the agent of the sentence in active voice; it is the person or thing that does the action of the sentence, and it normally procedes the verb.
NOTE: Every sentence in English must have a subject. A subject may be a single Noun.

Verbs
A verb is an action part of speech. It can also express a state of being, or the relationship between two things. It is most powerful when following a noun.
Example: He LIKE her. Verbs are the most complicated part of speech because they can sometimes become nouns, depending on their use.
NOTE: Every sentence in English must have a verb.

Transitive Verb
A transitive verb has two characteristics. First, it is an action verb, expressing a doable activity like kick, want, paint, write, eat, clean, etc. Second, it must have a direct object, something or someone who receives the action of the verb.
Here are some examples of transitive verbs:
Sylvia kicked Juan under the table.
Kicked = transitive verb; Juan = direct object.

Pattern 1. Subject is usually (but not always) the first element in a sentence.

Subject Verb
Devid sings
The dog barked

What is an object?
An object in grammar is a part of a sentence. It refers to someone or something involved in the subject's "performance" of the verb. It is what the verb is being done to. As an example, the following sentence is given:

Pattern 2. Object at the sentence.

Subject Verb Object
Leila wrote the poem

There are two types of objects: direct and indirect objects:

Direct Object

A direct object will follow a transitive verb [a type of action verb]. Direct objects can be nouns, pronouns, phrases, or clauses. If you can identify the subject and verb in a sentence, then finding the direct object—if one exists—is easy.
Just remember this simple formula:
Subject + Verb + what? or who? = Direct Object

Pattern 3. Direct Object, that follows the verb.

Subject Verb Direct Object
Devid sings ballads
The professor wants to retire

Indirect Object
An indirect object answers the question "to whom?", "for whom?", "for what?"...

An indirect object is the recipient of the direct object, or an otherwise affected participant in the event. There must be a direct object for an indirect object to be placed in a sentence. In other words an indirect object cannot exist without a direct object.

Pattern 4. Indirect Object and Direct Object at the sentence.

Subject Verb Indirect Object Direct Object
The old man gave the children some money
My uncle sent me a present

Adjuncts are syntactically peripheral to the rest of the sentence. They may occur at the beginning and at the end of a sentence, and they may occur in all three of the patterns above:

Pattern 5. Adjunct.

(Adjunct) Subject Verb Indirect Object Direct Object (Adjunct)
Usually David sings in the bath
Unfortunately he professor wants to retire this year
At the start of the trial the judge showed the jury the photographs in a private chamber

Pattern 5 is essentially a conflation of the other three, with Adjuncts added. We have bracketed the Adjuncts to show that they are optional. Strictly speaking, Objects are also optional, since they are only required by monotransitive and ditransitive verbs, as in the examples [3] and [4] above.



Sentence Patterns. Resource: Internet Grammar of English.

3. Vocabulary

What does next word mean? Explain it and make up sentences.

  1. acquaintance
  2. Noun

    1. a person's knowledge or experience of something.

    2. a person one knows slightly, but who is not a close friend.

    Example: " the students had little acquaintance with the language "

    Example: " a wide circle of friends and acquaintances "

    Example: " After all, the ladies of your acquaintance belong to high society. "

    Synonym: familiarity with, knowledge of, experience with/of, awareness of, understanding of, comprehension of, grasp of

  3. attitude
  4. Noun

    A settled way of thinking or feeling about someone or something, typically one that is reflected in a person's behavior.

    Example: "She took a tough attitude toward other people's indulgences."

    Example: This is how I expected my attitude to remain after the election.

    Example: If such an attitude is meant to intimidate Muslim women, good luck.

    Synonym: term, name, expression, manner, disposition, feeling, position, with regard to a person or thing; tendency or orientation, especially of the mind: a negative attitude; group attitudes.

  5. perception
  6. Noun

    the ability to see, hear, or become aware of something through the senses. Perception (from the Latin perceptio, percipio) is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the environment.

    Example: "Another interesting issue deals with certain cultures' perception of beauty."

    Example: " the normal limits to human perception "

    Synonym: awareness, sense, recognition.

  7. preference
  8. Noun

    1. a greater liking for one alternative over another or others.

    Example: " a preference for long walks and tennis over jogging "

    Synonym: liking, partiality, predilection, proclivity, fondness, taste, inclination, leaning, bent, penchant, predisposition

    2. a prior right or precedence, especially in connection with the payment of debts.

    Example: " debts owed to the community should be accorded a preference "

  9. perceive
  10. Verb

    become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand.

    Example: " his mouth fell open as he perceived the truth "

    Synonym: discern, recognize, become aware of, see, distinguish, realize, grasp, understand, take in, make out, find, identify, hit on, comprehend, apprehend, appreciate, sense, divine, figure out,

  11. judging
  12. Verb

    form an opinion or conclusion about.

    Example: " scientists were judged according to competence "

    Example: " Much misunderstanding has arisen by judging such primitive people by the standards of our present day civilization."

    Synonym: form the opinion, conclude, decide, consider, believe, think, deem, view, deduce, gather, infer, gauge, estimate, guess, surmise, conjecture, regard as, look on as, take to be, rate as, class as, reckon, figure

  13. figure out
  14. Verb

    to be able to understand something or to solve a problem

    Example: " We had to figure out the connection between the two events. "

    Synonym: understand, know, deduce, puzzle out, solve, lick, work, work out

  15. affection
  16. Noun

    a gentle feeling of fondness or liking.

    Example: " she felt affection for the wise old lady "

    Synonym: fondness, love, liking, tenderness, warmth, devotion, endearment, care, caring, attachment, friendship, warm feelings

Watch another words: English Vocabulary...



4. Reading

Reading. Text 1.

Personality Type

personality types by jungs

Img. 1. Personality Types

According to Carl Gustav Jung's theory of psychological types,...

people can be characterized by their preference of general attitude:
1. Extraverted (E) vs. Introverted (I),

their preference of one of the two functions of perception:
2. Sensing (S) vs. Intuition (N),

and their preference of one of the two functions of judging:
3. Thinking (T) vs. Feeling (F)


The three areas of preferences introduced by Jung are dichotomies (i.e. bipolar dimensions where each pole represents a different preference).

Jung also proposed that in a person one of the four functions above is dominant – either a function of perception or a function of judging.

Isabel Briggs Myers, a researcher and practitioner of Jung’s theory, proposed to see the judging-perceiving relationship as a fourth dichotomy influencing personality type:

4. Judging (J) vs. Perceiving (P)


The first criterion, Extraversion – Introversion, signifies the source and direction of a person’s energy expression. An extravert’s source and direction of energy expression is mainly in the external world, while an introvert has a source of energy mainly in their own internal world.

The second criterion, Sensing – Intuition, represents the method by which someone perceives information. Sensing means that a person mainly believes information he or she receives directly from the external world. Intuition means that a person believes mainly information he or she receives from the internal or imaginative world.

The third criterion, Thinking – Feeling, represents how a person processes information. Thinking means that a person makes a decision mainly through logic. Feeling means that, as a rule, he or she makes a decision based on emotion, i.e. based on what they feel they should do.

The fourth criterion, Judging – Perceiving, reflects how a person implements the information he or she has processed. Judging means that a person organizes all of his life events and, as a rule, sticks to his plans. Perceiving means that he or she is inclined to improvise and explore alternative options.

Read more about Personality Type Theory...


Vocabulary to describe educational background for jobs interviews exercise

Interviewer: From looking at your CV, it seems that you studied at the University of Birmingham. Can you tell me a little about what you studied?

Candidate: No problem. I studied there for 4 years. I did English Language as my undergraduate degree. I enjoyed it very much and my high final grade demonstrates that. But it was an academic degree. So in order to improve my job prospects, when I graduated I did a master's in Business Organisation, which was very vocational. As part of my master's, I did a work placement in the human resources department of MacDonalds during the winter term, which lasted about 3 months. It was a very rewarding experience.

All the courses in the master's were very practical or vocational, like for example courses on employment law and business administration. In fact, my thesis was on employment law in the retail sector. I enjoyed everything about the master's and I got a very high final grade.

After that, I decided that I didn't want to do a PHD, I wanted to start my career and use what I'd learnt in the real world.

Interviewer: Excellent, and what about at school?

Candidate: I studied at Skipton Secondary School in Yorkshire. I passed all my A-levels with high grades. In addition, I did a lot of extracurricular activities like being secretary of the drama club, a very rewarding and enjoyable experience.

Tell Me About Your Educational Background

Interviewer: Now…. would you please tell me about your educational background?

Candidate: Well… after leaving senior high school in 2000, I continued my study at the University of Birmingham. I was admit­ted in the economics faculty, major­ing in management.

Interviewer: I see. And when did you graduate from?

Candidate: I graduated from University in May 2005. So actually I’m a fresh graduate. To complete my fi­nal task, I did a research in Perta­mina Oil Company and then wrote a thesis entitled “The management of human resources to promote work pro­ductivity”. Based on my grade point average I was chosen as one of the best students from economics faculty.

Interviewer: It sounds convincing.

Candidate: Thank you. Besides attending classes in the university, I also took some courses like English, French and com­puter. I am sure that my skills on those languages and computer will surely support my work later in your company.

Interviewer: Yes, I hope so.



Сonclusion

It was conversation classes.

If you have any question, proposition or etc. you can leave comments on my Feedback.

Good luck!

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