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The simple past refers to things that have already happened, and are finished doing their thing.
Regular verbs are changed to the simple past by adding ‑ed to the end of the root form. If the verb already ends in ‑e, we just add ‑d.
Irregular verbs follow no pattern when they change to the simple past tense. You’ll have to check a dictionary if you’re unsure as to what the past tense might be.
The past continuous tense is used to refer to several temporal situations.
It’s made with the past tense of be + the present participle (the root word = ‑ing).
Narrative in past tense.
When one action is happening at the time of another particular time.
When one action is happening at the same time as another.
Remember not to use the past continuous tense with non-action verbs non-action verbs like see, know, hear, feel, want, like, understand. These verbs should use the simple past.
The past perfect tense is used to show that one action in a sentence finishes before a second action begins. Words like before and after are indicators that the past perfect tense may be used; however, there are no strict rules for this situation. You must choose the best verb tense for your sentence.
The past perfect is created by using I had, you had, he/she had, we had, you had or they had + past participle.
Both of these sentences are correct.
The simple present tense is the one which we use when an action is happening right now, or when it happens regularly (or unceasingly, which is why it’s sometimes called present indefinite).
The simple present tense is formed by using the root form or by adding ‑s or ‑es to the end, depending on the person.
In present tense, regular verbs use the root form, except for third person singular (which ends in ‑s)
When something is happening at the same time we’re talking about it, that’s when we use the present continuous tense.
We form it by using the present tense of be + present participle (the root word + ‑ing).
Remember not to use the present continuous tense with non-action verbs like see, know, hear, feel, want, like, understand. These verbs should use the simple present.
The present perfect is used when an action began in the past yet is still relevant. It’s created by using the present tense of have + the past participle.
The simple future is the tense we use when something will begin and end later. It’s created by putting will in front of the root word.
The future continuous relates one action in the future to another specific action or time.
It’s formed this way: will + be + present participle (root word + ‑ing).
Remember not to use the future continuous tense with non-action verbs like see, know, hear, feel, want, like, understand.; include be in this list for future continuous tense. These verbs should use the simple future.
The future perfect is used to talk about an action that will be finished before something else happens in the future. It’s made by using will + have + the past participle.
Look for key words which suggest the action is in the future, such as later, tomorrow, next week and next year.